Dirt: an enemy for Jewellery
Dirt, dust, grease, are all elements that stick and settle in the hollows and crevices of Jewellery, in particular, accumulated dirt removes a lot of brightness from the Gems in general, in particular fatty substances adhere to Diamonds. If you are used to using your Jewellery (e.g. Diamonds rings), during daily chores like washing dishes or similar, you will notice that before long, these jewels will start to lose their lustre and the Gems will no longer shine as before.
In a few simple steps you will learn how to clean Jewellery by yourself.
Other things to check in rings, is the wear and tear of the structure, after many years of use it is possible that the lower part of the ring has thinned out a lot, or that certain areas have particularly worn out.
In jewellery like Gold Bracelets and Necklaces / Chains, the parts that wear out faster are the latches and the links next to it, sometimes even the very first links of the necklace itself; you must have them fixed as soon as possible, avoiding the risk of losing them due to the breakage of these worn parts. See how in the picture on the side you can see 3 critical points (those highlighted), in the front and rear area you can notice considerable wear, which not only leads to fragility, but also to a risk of sudden breakage. We have also marked another typical problem that occurs on worn latches: in the area of opening and closing, where you enter the final part of the Bracelet or Necklace / Chain, you can see an abnormal (slit) and very evident slit, which contributes in giving less safety, in case the final link is very worn, probably there is enough space for it to slip out without noticing. This occurrence especially happens in the worn latches of Gold Chains, often overlooked, but among the leading causes of breakage and loss.
Critical spots to observe:
- Rings: tips and setting of the Gems – lower shank and general structure.
- Bracelets: latches and final links.
- Tennis Bracelets: increase in the space between the various bezels, Not good hold of the latch and side hooks.
- Necklaces / Chains: latches and final links.
- Anklets: latches and final links.
- Dangle Earrings: connecting rings.
- Fixed Earrings: removable part of the locking pin, often too mobile and fitting poorly.
- Watches (Gold): space between the links always more visible (over time), widening around the wrist.
Remember, the Professional, Goldsmith, Jeweller, if well prepared know how to handle the various problems, thanks not only to experience, but also to Technical training, especially in the "World of Gems", knowing what, how and how much, to do or Not to do in certain cases!
So I suggest: in the uncertainty of how to clean your Jewellery, if you have doubts go to a professional or at least ask or consult with him, he will suggest if you can carry out the cleaning of a particular piece at home.
The main risks, are related to the type of Gem(s) set on your Jewellery, these might be subjected to unnecessary risks due to improper cleaning.
Diamonds, Rubies, Sapphires, many crystals, semi-precious stones, Artificial and Synthetic Gems, have no particular problems, all you need to do is follow the general rules and precautions we will provide, obviously there are always exceptions. A practical example: to date one of the most dangerous and at risk things, even for professionals, is to intervene on Jewellery set with a Ruby with treatments and/or fillings made with Glass/Lead, this is an unstable treatment and you cannot afford washing “these” Gems in the special ultrasound washing machine for Goldsmiths.
In the case in which, the Jewellery is set with: Emeralds, Aquamarines, Corals, Turquoise, Amber, Pearls, etc; therefore delicate Gems, Gems of Organic origin or similar, Gems with visible veins and/or fractures, you will have to proceed with great care; be careful not to create damage.
The main cause of damage to Gems, is due to thermal shock, so avoid always and absolutely, a fast and rapid passage from cold water (or any other liquid), to hot water (or any other liquid), and the opposite; should there be such a risk, wait a dozen seconds or 1 minute before moving to the next step; timing is often proportional to the size of the Gem, the bigger it is and the more you have to wait between one step and the other.
Easy clean the Gold and Silver jewellery
Prepare the following material:
- Small/medium pot
- Tap water
- Liquid soap (eg. dish soap)
- Toothbrush with medium/hard bristles (keep it only for this use)
- Common 75° or 90° alcohol
Warm some water in the pot (not boiling) approximately between 40°C and 50°C, put 1 drop of liquid soap and using a toothbrush, carefully clean the Jewellery by removing all the dirt possible stuck to the Diamonds or to the Gems in general. If it turns out to be a difficult cleaning process because of hardened dirt, you can soak the piece in the pot for about 15 minutes (Not on the flame!). You will have surely noticed that the pictures of the list of material needed to clean the Jewellery I have included even an electric toothbrush; usually one uses the classic manual model, but some Jewellery lovers prefer using an electric one as it is easier and handier, choose whatever you prefer, but remember: “Keep this brush exclusively for this use”. Wash with running water and repeat the process if you notice that it is not fully clean, finally rinse with alcohol (alcohol removes grease and favours the drying of the jewel).
WARNING: If you use the alcohol on copal ( "young amber") or on similar stones made from resins or plastic, these might be damaged and / or become opaque!.
If you want an optimal result, a professional has the proper equipment to perfectly polish and deeply clean your Jewellery.
We advise you to lay your Diamond Jewellery in a bag or container, keeping them separate from each other, avoiding contact between the various pieces piled in the same bag or container, they can ruin or rub against each other. Diamonds are the toughest gems ever (10 on the Mohs scale) and therefore when in contact with softer gems, they could mark the latter; even Diamonds against Diamonds may produce signs or light abrasions, should they have a prolonged contact between them.
Warning: absolutely avoid thermal shock to Diamonds and any other stone, so No very hot water following cold and vice versa.
Please Note : These are practical tips that we give thanks to our experience and training in the field, however we Cannot and in No case, be responsible for any problems or damage caused by cleaning you carry out following these instructions.